Photographs and Photogram’s is a book that reflects upon some of the first photos taken by Moholy-Nagy. Being a painter before a photographer, he used techniques such as atmospheric devices to create a photograph, as well as the abstract structure of natural surroundings such as shadows and light. Nagy is given credit for two concepts, ‘new vision;’ an education for visual experience through perspectives and optical angles and the other being the photogram; a chemical process by which abstract compositions are created with photo paper exposed to light. He believed that photography was the manipulation of light.
Expression holds such a powerful key to any kind of art medium. Moholy-Nagy represents a unique language between realism and abstraction within the human condition. Representing the struggle of an individual and the social environment. Nagy in a way was documenting the human condition with his photographs. His photograms were also striking and vivid. They evoked emotions that were visually stunning with humanistic qualities of abstract geometrical expression. Nagy said “space is a reality, and once it has been comprehended in its essence, it can be grasped according to its own laws… Spatial creation is the creation of relationships of the position of bodies (volumes).”
Overall Moholy’s ideas and the equations of the natural and the human treatment of materials are decisive from the point of view of both areas of method and ideology. In his book Nagy states, “Man, when faced with the material and spiritual problems of life – can, if he works from his biological center, take his position with instructive success. Then he is in no danger of intimidation by industry, the haste of an often misunderstood “machine culture,” or by past philosophies about his creative ways.”